the trenches were designed with a zig zag pattern to ensure more safety when they were getting shot at with mortars. Each bend of the trench was defended separately if necessary and explosions could be contained. sandbags were filled with dirt to absorb the bullets that were fired a them. the men were given a job to fill the sandbags every day, they worked in pairs and were expected to fill 60 bags a day
- Duck boards were planks that were laid down in the trenches when they were wet to prevent disease from happening like trench foot
- there were steps put at the trenches for soldiers to stand up and shoot because the trenches were quite deep
Trench raiding was a tactic of trench warfare which was used during World War I. It was making small scale surprise attacks on enemy position. Raids were made by both sides in the war and took place at night to be sneaky and to avoid being seen. Any attempt to raid a trench during daylight would have been pointless because you would have been spotted and enemy gunners could've shot you down enemy machine gunners and snipers had a clear view of no man's land and could easily shoot anyone who showed their head above the trench.
mustard gas was used to burn the eyes of soldiers, this affected the eyes of many soldiers and if they wanted to remain in good eye sight for the people that didn't have gas mask or goggles the had to put on a urinated mesh sack to stop the gas from affecting them.